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Something Different
Week of: May 30, 2011
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Contact: Alice Bender, (202) 328-7744

Papaya and Jicama Make a Tropical Salsa and Chips

By Dana Jacobi
for the American Institute for Cancer Research

The color of a tropical sunset, papaya always brings an exotic touch to the table. Simply serving a wedge, accompanied by fresh lime to squeeze over as the perfect complement to its musky-sweet flavor, this fruit also tastes like a trip to the tropics.

Whether the intense apricot-orange of the large papayas imported from Mexico and the Caribbean, or the more garish red shading to orange-peach of Hawaiian varieties around the size of a small melon, its creamy flesh makes this fruit more than a luscious eyeful. Its colors mean papayas provide an abundance of carotenoids, anti-inflammatory antioxidants good for the eyes and more. The goodness of papaya includes healthy amounts of vitamin C, folate, potassium and fiber, too.

Selecting a ripe papaya presents a bigger mystery than knowing when a melon is just right. With melons, fragrance helps in their selection, while for a papaya, the clues are solely color and touch.

Papayas do continue to ripen after picking, but ones that are really green won't turn soft and sweet. Instead, finely shred their flesh to make the savory green papaya salad that is a Southeast Asian classic.

The signals you want are skin patched with green and golden yellow, or evenly golden, depending on the type of papaya, and fruit that yields slightly to a gentle squeeze. Or, you can eliminate guesswork and buy either a clearly ripe cut half of a papaya or a wedge.

Eating papaya frequently is a good idea. Personally, I am content with it on its own or mixed into fruit salads. For more variety, I also make simple dishes like papaya slices alternated with tomato for a colorful salad to serve alongside grilled fish or this succulent and spicy papaya salsa.

PapayaSalsa

Papaya Salsa with Jicama "Chips"

  • 2 cups small-diced papaya
  • 2/3 cup plum tomato, seeded and chopped
  • 1/2 cup chopped seedless European cucumber, peeled
  • 1/4 cup finely chopped red onion
  • 1 serrano or jalapeno pepper, seeded and finely chopped
  • 2 Tbsp. fresh lime juice
  • 1/4 tsp. ground cumin
  • 1/2 tsp. sea salt
  • Ground black pepper, to taste
  • 1 medium jicama
  • 1/3 cup chopped cilantro

In mixing bowl, combine papaya, tomatoes, cucumber, onion and chile pepper, tossing gently with fork. In small bowl, whisk lime juice and cumin with sea salt and 3-4 grinds pepper until salt dissolves. Pour over salsa and toss to combine. Set aside for up to 20 minutes.

Meanwhile, use paring knife to peel brown skin from jicama and cut away fibrous layer beneath it. Cut a thin slice off bottom and stand jicama on work surface. Using large knife, cut jicama vertically into 1/8- to 1/4-inch slices. Stack oval slices, including uneven ones, and halve vertically. Cut slices longer than 4 inches into thirds. Sliced jicama can be stored in bowl of water in refrigerator for up to 8 hours if not serving immediately. Drain and pat dry before using.

Just before serving, mix cilantro into salsa. Spoon salsa into serving bowl in center of serving plate. Arrange sliced jicama around it to use as dippers.

Makes 4 servings.

Per serving: 105 calories, <1 g total fat (0 g saturated fat), 25 g carbohydrate,
2 g protein, 10 g dietary fiber, 304 mg sodium.

Something Different is written by Dana Jacobi, author of 12 Best Foods Cookbook and contributor to AICR’s New American Plate Cookbook: Recipes for a Healthy Weight and a Healthy Life.

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The American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) is the cancer charity that fosters research on the relationship of nutrition, physical activity and weight management to cancer risk, interprets the scientific literature and educates the public about the results. It has contributed more than $100 million for innovative research conducted at universities, hospitals and research centers across the country. AICR has published two landmark reports that interpret the accumulated research in the field, and is committed to a process of continuous review. AICR also provides a wide range of educational programs to help millions of Americans learn to make dietary changes for lower cancer risk. Its award-winning New American Plate program is presented in brochures, seminars and on its website, www.aicr.org. AICR is a member of the World Cancer Research Fund International.

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